Hi friend, It turns out that pregnant women need vitamin C intake to maintain their health conditions and the fetus. However, the dose of vitamin C consumed must be following the nutritional adequacy rate so that the benefits are maximum and do not cause health problems.
Vitamin C or ascorbic acid is a type of vitamin that is soluble in water. This vitamin cannot be produced by the body but can be obtained by consuming vegetables and fruits that contain vitamin C. This vitamin also needs to be consumed every day because it cannot be stored properly in the body. During pregnancy, pregnant women need to consume vitamin C to maintain conditions his own health and their fetus. However, the dose of vitamin C consumed must be following the nutritional adequacy rate so that the benefits are maximum and do not cause health problems.
Vitamin C or ascorbic acid is a type of vitamin that is soluble in water. This vitamin cannot be produced by the body but can be obtained by consuming vegetables and fruits that contain vitamin C. This vitamin also needs to be consumed every day because it cannot be stored properly in the body.
Everyone is advised to meet the daily intake of vitamin C, including pregnant women. In pregnant women, vitamin C plays an important role in supporting the health of the mother and the fetus and the development of the fetus in the womb.
Benefits of Vitamin C for Pregnant Women
Pregnant women and babies need vitamin C to protect and maintain the health of their body cells, as well as forming collagen in bones, muscles, skin, and blood vessels.
Vitamin C has antioxidant properties that are important for counteracting the effects of free radicals, repairing damaged body tissue, and accelerating the process of wound healing.
Also, there are several other benefits of vitamin C for pregnant women and fetuses, namely:
1. Helps absorption of iron
Vitamin C can help the absorption of iron in the body. Pregnant women need more iron intake to help the formation of red blood cells and prevent anemia.
Therefore, to meet the needs of iron during pregnancy, pregnant women are advised to consume foods that contain lots of iron and vitamin C.
2. Reducing the risk of gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes is a condition when blood sugar levels of pregnant women increase. This condition can increase the risk of pregnant women experiencing pregnancy complications, such as preterm labor, babies born with excess weight, to preeclampsia.
To reduce the risk of developing gestational diabetes, every pregnant woman is advised to have an adequate daily intake of vitamin C.
3. Reducing the risk of preeclampsia
Preeclampsia is characterized by increased blood pressure and protein levels in the urine and swelling in the legs or other body parts. Preeclampsia usually occurs at 20 weeks of pregnancy, but some pregnant women experience it during the final trimester of pregnancy.
This condition can be prevented if pregnant women routinely consume nutritious foods that are rich in antioxidants, including vitamin C and vitamin E.
4. Supports baby growth
Consumption of vitamin C during pregnancy is not only beneficial for pregnant women, but also the fetus. Several studies have shown that increasing the consumption of vegetables and fruits that contain vitamin C during pregnancy can increase fetal growth and maintain conditions to stay healthy.
Vitamin C Doses for Pregnant Women That Are Considered Safe
The amount of vitamin C that pregnant women need to consume is 85 mg every day. This figure has been determined according to the recommended nutritional adequacy rate (AKG) from the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia.
To meet the needs of vitamin C, pregnant women can consume fruits, such as guava, oranges, kiwi, strawberries, mangoes, and tomatoes, or vegetables, such as paprika, cauliflower, broccoli, and spinach.
Although it is beneficial for the body, vitamin C should not be consumed excessively. This is because consuming too much vitamin C can cause side effects such as headaches, indigestion, stomach cramps, and kidney stones.
If the intake of vitamin C from food is deemed insufficient, pregnant women can take vitamin C supplements. However, the dose of vitamin C supplements that are safe for consumption during pregnancy should be asked to the obstetrician first to suit the needs of pregnant women and do not cause side effects.